To make the internet a safer place, browsers like Chrome and Firefox show insecure warnings on sites without SSL certificates. Therefore, using an SSL-encrypted connection for safety reasons is a must. It is essential to redirect from HTTP to HTTPS.
10 Steps to Upgrade Your Website from HTTP To HTTPS
STEP 1: Evaluate Current Website for Security Risks
Make sure to prepare a list of URLs, mapping them from the current HTTP structure to corresponding HTTPS website locations. Also, verify that all external scripts and images work with HTTPS.
STEP 2: Perform Full Website Backup
It is crucial to have the complete backup of your site (you can consult your hosting providers for this) before making changes.
STEP 3: Choose the right certificate
Choose an SSL/TLS certificate from a well-known authority who can offer guidance and technical support as a part of enabling HTTPS for your website.
STEP 4: Installation and Testing of Certificates
Install the SSL Certificate to your Website. There are various methods to install SSL Certificate on your website and each depends on the control panel you are using. After Installing, Ensure your SSL certificates are correctly installed.
STEP 5: Remove Mixed Content
Replace all HTTP references with HTTPS pointers. If you don’t remove mixed content, some pages will not be displayed, “Not Secure” warnings may appear in browser windows, and your entire site will be less secure.
STEP 6: Maintain Certificate Compliance
Stay compliant by keeping your website updated with the latest security requirements and standards. Check the CA/Browser Forum and NIST for SSL/TLS standards and PCI if your site accepts payments.
STEP 7: Redirect Http Traffic to Https
Ensure that all HTTP traffic is redirected to HTTPS. Set up 301 redirects to notify search engines of your new HTTPS address.
STEP 8: Implement an Automated Scanning System
Through this, you can recognize and replace non-compliant components, third-party and unsecured content with safer alternatives. Wherever possible, use verified and accountable third-party technology.
STEP 9: Secure Your Cookies
Implement “HTTPONLY” and “Secure” cookie settings to ensure that your site is safe.
STEP 10: Implementation of HTTP Strict Transport Security
HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is a standard protocol that protects your website visitors by ensuring they are connected over HTTPS.
Congratulations! Now you have upgraded your security to HTTPS, so now you are free from worries about MITM attacks and data sniffing.
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